A decentralized exchange (DEX) is a platform that allows peer-to-peer cryptocurrency trading without the need for intermediaries or central control.
A decentralized exchange (DEX) is a type of cryptocurrency exchange that operates on a decentralized blockchain network, rather than being controlled by a central authority. DEXs allow users to trade cryptocurrencies directly with each other, without the need for intermediaries such as banks or brokers.
Unlike centralized exchanges, which require users to deposit funds into a centralized wallet and rely on a central order book to match buy and sell orders, DEXs operate on a distributed order book that is maintained by the blockchain network. This means that trades are executed directly between buyers and sellers, without the need for a centralized intermediary.
The advantages of DEXs include increased security, as there is no central point of failure or single point of attack for hackers, and increased privacy, as users do not need to disclose personal information or undergo KYC (know your customer) verification. Additionally, DEXs are often more transparent and open, as all transactions are recorded on the blockchain and can be easily audited.
However, DEXs also have some drawbacks. They can be less user-friendly and have lower liquidity than centralized exchanges, as they rely on a decentralized network of users to provide liquidity for trades. Additionally, transaction fees can be higher on DEXs, as the blockchain network must be incentivized to process transactions.
Some examples of popular DEXs include Uniswap, PancakeSwap, and Sushiswap.